Heat-Related Illnesses (2) -Treatment and Prevention-
Scale 3 Emergency first aid for heat stroke is needed immediately because this condition is life- threatening.
Move the person into a cool place out of direct sunlight;
Remove any unnecessary clothing;
Cool the person's entire body by sponging or spraying cool (not cold) water;
And fan the person to lower his/her body temperature.
Do not give any medicine in order to reduce a high body temperature that can occur with heat stroke. Medicines may cause problems because of the body's response to heat stroke.
Scale 1and2 If the person is awake and alert enough to swallow, give him/her fluids;
He/She should stop any activity and rest;
Get the person out of direct sunlight and have him/her lie down in a cooler environment, such as a shaded or air-conditioned area;
Remove all unnecessary clothing;
Have the person drink rehydration drinks, juices, or water to replace fluids;
Have him/her rest for 24 hours, and continue fluid replacement with a rehydration drink.The person should refrain from any strenuous physical activity for 1 to 3 days.
・ Open windows or turn on an air-conditioner.
・ Wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing to allow your body to cool properly. Cool your skin by spraying water over your body.
・Protect yourself with a wide-brimmed hat, parasol and sunglasses.
・ Take it easy during the hottest parts of the day. If you can’t avoid activity in hot weather, rest frequently in a cool spot. Do not spend much time in the sun.
If possible, exercise or work outside during the cooler times of the day.
・ Drink liquids at scheduled intervals: have plenty of water before, during, and after you are active. Fluids such as rehydration drinks, which are absorbed as quickly as water but also replace sugar, sodium, and other nutrients, help replace lost fluids, especially if you perspire a lot.
If your urine output decreases, drink more fluids.
Do not drink alcohol. It increases blood flow to the skin and increases your risk of dehydration.
・Gradual exposure will reduce strain on the body and decrease the risk of developing a heat-related illness.
・Never leave any person or pet in a parked car.
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